No post anterior, trouxe alguns usos bastante comuns do presente perfeito. Agora, você vai apresentar algumas partículas que costumamos usar no mesmo tempo verbal.
EVER = já, alguma vez em sua vida (em perguntas)
- Have you ever driven a truck?
- Has he ever been to a circus?
NEVER = nunca
- I’ve never been to New York.
- She’s never seen me.
BEFORE = antes
- We’ve been here before.
- I’ve never stayed in a five-star hotel before.
JUST = acabar de (ação que acabou de acontecer em um passado próximo)
- The plane has just landed. The passengers are getting their carry-on.
- The store has just closed; you cannot go in now.
Note: No inglês americano, não costumamos usar o JUST no presente perfeito, mas o passado simples. (The store just closed.)
ALREADY = já (usado em frases interrogativas e afirmativas)
- Have you already told her the news?
- I’ve already done my homework.
RECENTLY = recentemente
- Have you seen her recently?
- I haven’t travelled much recently.
YET = já (usado em frases interrogativas)
- Has the bus arrived yet?
- Have you had lunch yet?
STILL e YET = ainda (usados em frases negativas, mas em posições distintas nas frases)
- Our pizzas haven’t come yet.
- We still haven’t had our exam results.
Complete the conversation with the words from the box.
|already been before ever just never recently still yet|
|MANDY||How are the wedding plans going?|
|SARAH||Ok, but there are lots of things I haven’t done (0) _________ .|
|MANDY||But you’ve (1) _________ chosen your dress, haven’t you?|
|SARAH||No, I (2) _________ haven’t seen anything I like.|
|MANDY||Have you (3) _________ to Baxter’s? They’ve got a good selection.|
|SARAH||Really? Their clothes used to be very old-fashioned. But I haven’t been there (4) _________ .|
|MANDY||It’s better now. Actually, there are lots of nice designs in the Nuptia catalogue. Perhaps you should get a dress from them.|
|SARAH||I’m not sure. I’ve (5) _________ bought a dress from a catalogue.|
|MANDY||Well, at least have a look at it. They’ve (6) _________ sent me the new edition. I can bring it around later.|
|MANDY||What about the cake? Have you (7) _________ tried that place on Randall Street? They do fantastic cakes.|
|SARAH||I know. But they seemed a bit expensive to me. Of course, I don’t really know how much a big wedding cake should cost. I’ve never bought one (8) _________ !|
0. yet; 1. already; 2. still; 3. been; 4. recently; 5. never; 6. just; 7. ever; 8. before